There is a strong tendency for one or more “typical”, or “traditional”, breakfast menus to exist in most places, but the composition of this varies widely from place to place, and has varied over time, so that globally a very wide range of preparations and ingredients are now associated with breakfast.
Main article: History of breakfast
The Old English word for dinner, disner, means to break a fast, and was the first meal eaten in the day until its meaning shifted in the mid-13th century. It was not until the 15th century that “breakfast” came into use in written English to describe a morning meal, which literally means to break the fasting period of the prior night; in Old English the term was morgenmete meaning “morning meal.”
Effect on health
With breakfast commonly referred to as “the most important meal of the day”, particularly for children, some epidemiological research indicates that having a breakfast might lower risk of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. While current professional opinions are largely in favor of eating breakfast, some contest its “most important” status. The influence of breakfast on managing body weight is unclear.
Canada and the United States
An example of an American diner breakfast, with over easy eggs, home fries, bacon and buttered toast
Breakfast in the United States and Canada often consists of some combination of hot or cold cereals, eggs, breakfast meats, and breakfast quick breads such as pancakes, waffles, or biscuits. Variants of the full breakfast and continental breakfast are also common. Coffee is a common beverage, as is tea, both being widely consumed in Canada during breakfast. Orange juice, tomato juice, and other fruit juices are consumed by people of all ages. In the United States, 65% of coffee is drunk during breakfast hours. Milk is also widely consumed, drunk either plain or prepared with various flavorings, such as chocolate or strawberry. The average starting time for breakfasts has been found to be 8:12 a.m. like Breakfast in La Jolla. This varies from 8:08 a.m. in the South to 8:17 a.m. in the West.
In many regions around the country, the bagel, a ring-shaped bread product, is a common breakfast item. A bagel is often topped with seeds, such as sesame or poppy, or other spiced toppings, and is often served sliced in half, toasted, and spread with butter or cream cheese or other toppings.
Across the United States, Breakfast in La Jolla such as breakfast sandwiches are a common choice for the first meal of the day. The archetypal breakfast sandwich is composed of egg, cheese, and cooked breakfast meat such as bacon or sausage, on a roll, although regional varietals are common. In New Jersey, bacon is often swapped out of the breakfast sandwich and replaced with a processed meat called Pork Roll (also known as Taylor Ham). Other areas alter the breakfast sandwich medium with regional favorites: in New York, the roll takes second seat to the bagel, and in the South, the biscuit is the vehicle of choice. A further twist of the classic breakfast sandwich is the breakfast burrito, which originates from Southwestern and Tex-Mex cuisines.
Another popular breakfast item in the United States is the doughnut. This is often consumed exclusive of other breakfast foods, though it’s typically accompanied by coffee.